Manny, a life-sized robotic mannequin, integrates complex robotic systems with advanced chemical sensors and computer control systems. Manny was built for the U.S. Army in the late 1980s to test protective clothing. Manny was developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the Dugway Proving Ground. Prior to Manny, protective clothing was tested using static mannequins or humans. Manny is an anthropomorphic robot that’s capable of reproducing human motions such as walking, sitting, bending and flexing. This permits the effects of human motion on the effectiveness of protective clothing to be examined in a realistic, controlled and repeatable manner. In addition to Manny’s realistic range and speed of motion, breathing and sweating are simulated along with temperature control of the “skin” surface. Our thanks to Ken Johnson of PNNL for his assistance with the preparation of this page. Photo courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.